Pruning the roots: Pruning shrub and tree roots can be as easy as 1,2,3. There are three basic ways to go about it. The first way is by making the shrub or tree suitable for transplanting purposes. If not prepared adequately in advance it can result in shock to the shrub or tree. You can use a spade whhich has a sharpened edge to make a straight cut all across the perimeter of the shrub or the tree. The cut needs to be approximately 16 or even 18 inches away from the central stalk portion. This applies in the case of a small plant. For larger sized plants the cut would need to be further away. The second stage is all about allowing the plant to develop brand new roots and regain all its lost energy and vitality. For about a month or so, you will need to thoroughly put water and fertilize the plant adequately. If you intend on shifting the plant make sure to perform this pruning method at least 6 weeks in advance. After root pruning it is generally adviseable to provide a resting period of 1 year for the plant.
Root pruning is also great when you need to combat the condition of girdling. Girdling refers to a condition where a large root lying underground is growing over the surface of other roots instead of downwards into the soil as it should be. Girdling can easily be detected. If for example you see the trunk appearing to navigate right down into the soil, instead of spreading itself outwards, it is a sure sign of girdling. Girdling roots will suffocate other healthy roots and hence need to be taken out as soon as possible. The leaves can become yellow because of inadequate oxygen, the growth becomes weaker and eventually results in the death of the tree.
The process of weeding: Mulching is generally a much more popular process preferred by gardeners as opposed to weeding. However, at times weeding is an absolute necessity. When small plants are just about to grow, weeds may need to be pulled out because they can suffocate these small plants. Thus before you even proceed to smear the summer mulch, make sure to pull out all weeds from the soil. Also be careful not to damage plants from repeatedly walking on them. If you feel there is sufficient need to protect plants, you can run to the local hardware store and buy a 4×8 sheet of luan or any other 1/4″ plywood to lay it down where you will be walking. This will minimize the compaction of the soil and maybe avoid harming your trees or other plants.
Insects in the garden: Pests can be avoided even without the usage of regular pest control methods. Even simple garden tactics can keep these creatures at bay. Fresh air and loads of space, coupled with ensuring dry conditions, prevention of moisture accumulation, as well as placing the plants in the sun etc. will ensure pest free environments. Besides this, you need to provide your plants with regular nutrition and unless they are water-based plants, or special bog type plants they do not need much water.